• Home
  • Daniel Tarmast
    • List of Articles Daniel Tarmast

      • Open Access Article

        1 - Effect of Iso–Caloric Sago and Soy Supplementations during 90 Minutes Steady–State Cycling on Subsequent 20–km Cycling Time Trial Performance in the Heat
        Daniel Tarmast Asok Kumar   Ghosh Chee Keong  Chen
        Background: In Asian countries, like Malaysia, India, and Thailand, sago (SA) is frequently used as daily food. The use of local daily food as supplements over expensive drinks is cost–effective for athletes. Hence, SA (carbohydrate) could be recommended as affordable n Full Text
        Background: In Asian countries, like Malaysia, India, and Thailand, sago (SA) is frequently used as daily food. The use of local daily food as supplements over expensive drinks is cost–effective for athletes. Hence, SA (carbohydrate) could be recommended as affordable nutrition ingestion. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of SA, Soy (SO) protein, Sago+Soy (SS) supplementation (combination of carbohydrate and protein), and placebo (PL) during moderate–intensity cycling on subsequent 20–km time trial performance. Materials and Methods: The participants were 12 young male well–trained cyclists from Malaysia. They pedaled at 60% of VO2max for 90 min followed by a 20–km time trial (TT) in the heat. At 20 min intervals during cycling at 60% VO2max, participants consumed either SA, SO, SS, or a PL. The SA, SO, and SS feedings provided 7.5% SA, 7.5% SO, and 7.5% SA+1.5% SO respectively to drink iso–caloric beverages with an estimated energy level ~300 kcal. The average speed and cadence were also recorded during the TT. Results: Time taken for TT for SA, SO, SS, and PL were 42.8±1.8 min, 46.3±2.6 min, 42.7±2.3 min, and 43.2±1.8 min respectively. The TT performance, speed, and cadence of the cyclists did not exhibit any significant differences among the three trials. Conclusion: These data indicated that consumption of sago and soy, and iso–caloric SS (coingestion of sago and soy) during steady–state ride failed to improve the subsequent cycling performance in the heat. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - The effects of detraining following a regular exercise program on plasma resistin concentrations in asthmatic patients
        Daniel Tarmast
        Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of regular exercise and the following detraining on plasma resistin concentration in patients with asthma. Climate change and reduced rainfall have caused allergies and respiratory diseases to develop Full Text
        Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of regular exercise and the following detraining on plasma resistin concentration in patients with asthma. Climate change and reduced rainfall have caused allergies and respiratory diseases to develop in different people, resulting in 8.9% of adults suffering from asthma by 2025, and 400 million by 2050. Asthma prevalence or symptoms increase as a result of the secretion of some adipokines, such as the hormone resistin. Detraining results when there is insufficient training stimulus, causing the loss of training-induced adaptations. Training cessation or insufficient training can alter the detraining characteristics. Materials and Methods: In the present study, 30 available asthmatics were randomly divided into control and exercise groups. For three months, the exercise group followed a regular training regimen that included three 90-minute sessions each week. Each training session included 60 to 85% of the patients' maximum heart rate on the treadmill or pedaling on an ergometer. The control group did not do any physical exercise in addition to their normal routines throughout the same time period. Blood samples were drawn before the first session, 2 days, and 1 month after the last sessions. Results: Serum resistin levels were not affected by the three-month regular training program or one-month detraining period. They did not differ significantly in the control group either (P >0.05). Conclusion: Despite the benefits of regular exercise being beneficial for all individuals, asthma symptoms in asthmatics were relatively reduced, although these changes were not significant. Manuscript Document