List of subject articles Exercise Training and Diseases


    • Open Access Article

      1 - The effect of aerobic training and probiotic intake on gene ICAM–1 expression in rats with nonalcoholic fatty liver
      Samaneh  Hadipour Ahmadi Abdolrasoul  Daneshjoo
      Background: Cell adhesion molecules mediate leukocyte responses to inflammation. The purpose of study was to the effect of aerobic training and probiotic intake on ICAM–1 in rats with fatty liver. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, 32 rats (200-250 gr) Full Text
      Background: Cell adhesion molecules mediate leukocyte responses to inflammation. The purpose of study was to the effect of aerobic training and probiotic intake on ICAM–1 in rats with fatty liver. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, 32 rats (200-250 gr) were randomly divided into four groups (healthy control, steatosis, steatosis + probiotic, steatosis + probiotic + training). To create a fatty liver model, tetracycline at a dose of 100 mg / kg in a volume of 1.5 cc was gavaged daily for two weeks. The training program includes 8 weeks and 5 sessions per week, in the initial week with a speed of 18 meters per minute, time started 10 minutes and every week quickly, 1-2 meters per minute and time was added to 10 minutes. Supplemental groups received 109 CFU / ml of Lactobacillus ramensus by gavage daily for 8 weeks and 5 days per week. Liver tissue samples were taken to examine the expression of ICAM-1 gene. 10 ml of blood was collected from the hearts of rats for ALP testing. The data was analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) p05/0≥. Results: The results showed that the aerobic training along with probiotic consumption significantly reduced the expression gene of ICAM-1 and ALP in rats with non-alcoholic fatty liver. Conclusion: It seems aerobic training combined with probiotic consumption improved the expression gene of ICAM-1 and ALP enzyme in the studied samples which can be effective in treating patients with fatty liver disease Manuscript Document
    • Open Access Article

      2 - The effects of detraining following a regular exercise program on plasma resistin concentrations in asthmatic patients
      Daniel Tarmast
      Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of regular exercise and the following detraining on plasma resistin concentration in patients with asthma. Climate change and reduced rainfall have caused allergies and respiratory diseases to develop Full Text
      Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of regular exercise and the following detraining on plasma resistin concentration in patients with asthma. Climate change and reduced rainfall have caused allergies and respiratory diseases to develop in different people, resulting in 8.9% of adults suffering from asthma by 2025, and 400 million by 2050. Asthma prevalence or symptoms increase as a result of the secretion of some adipokines, such as the hormone resistin. Detraining results when there is insufficient training stimulus, causing the loss of training-induced adaptations. Training cessation or insufficient training can alter the detraining characteristics. Materials and Methods: In the present study, 30 available asthmatics were randomly divided into control and exercise groups. For three months, the exercise group followed a regular training regimen that included three 90-minute sessions each week. Each training session included 60 to 85% of the patients' maximum heart rate on the treadmill or pedaling on an ergometer. The control group did not do any physical exercise in addition to their normal routines throughout the same time period. Blood samples were drawn before the first session, 2 days, and 1 month after the last sessions. Results: Serum resistin levels were not affected by the three-month regular training program or one-month detraining period. They did not differ significantly in the control group either (P >0.05). Conclusion: Despite the benefits of regular exercise being beneficial for all individuals, asthma symptoms in asthmatics were relatively reduced, although these changes were not significant. Manuscript Document
    • Open Access Article

      3 - Comparison of the effect of selected Pilates exercises, Traband training and weight training on strength and flexibility in elderly women
      Seyed Kazem Mousavi Sadati Reza Behdari
      Background: Changes in the human body due to the aging process, especially the loss of strength and flexibility of the lower limbs can increase the risk of falls. The aim of this study is to compare the effect of selected Pilates, Pilates with Traband and Pilates exerci Full Text
      Background: Changes in the human body due to the aging process, especially the loss of strength and flexibility of the lower limbs can increase the risk of falls. The aim of this study is to compare the effect of selected Pilates, Pilates with Traband and Pilates exercises with both factors such as strength and flexibility of the lower extremities of non-athlete 50-60 years old. Materials and Methods: Thirty participants in this study have been randomly divided into three groups: quasi-experimental, Pilates (10), Pilates Traband (10) and Pilates (10). Before the beginning of the exercises, the strength of the lower limbs and static acceptance and the range of motion of extension and flexion of the thigh have been measured using the test of 30 sitting on a chair, static acceptance and goniometer, respectively. Moreover, all three groups as participated in a course of exercise. These exercises have performed for 8 weeks, 3 sessions per week for 1 hour and have performed after the participants. Data have been analyzed using paired t-test and ANOVA. Results: As result, all three groups show the significant progress due to exercise but there is not any significant variance between the groups, as none of the methods is not better than other training methods. Conclusion: performing Pilates exercises, Weight and Traband based on the availability of training equipment and facilities, is beneficial for the elderly, and this exercise may reduce the negative physical consequences and consequent treatment costs, and helps to slow down the aging process and is effective in improving the daily activities of the elderly. Manuscript Document